This report provides context, and investigates the reasons for the higher cost of Indian solar modules. Further, it recommends key interventions needed to scale up domestic manufacturing of crystalline solar photovoltaic (PV) modules in India. The domestic manufacture of solar PV cells and modules has not kept pace with India’s rapid advances in the energy transition in recent years. China still accounts for a majority of India’s solar PV imports. Indian PV module manufacturers lack competitiveness because of higher prices and lower capacity utilisation compared to China. The report assesses the competitive advantage that China has over India, and presents a suite of short-term and long-term interventions required for a vibrant and globally competitive solar manufacturing sector in India.