In September 2023, Tata Motors delivered two first-of-its-kind hydrogen fuel cell–powered buses to Indian Oil Corporation Limited. This marks the beginning of the transition to hydrogen vehicles, which could cater to the long-route travel and heavy-duty freight segments. The freight sector is expected to grow 5x by 2050, and with their lower tailpipe emissions, longer range, higher payload capacity, and quicker refuelling, hydrogen vehicles can be instrumental in India’s clean mobility transition.
India’s EV transition has been fuelled by incentives provided by central and state governments. Will we see similar incentive strategies for hydrogen vehicles?
India’s domestic demand for hydrogen is expected to quadruple by 2050, with the transport sector contributing to ~22 per cent of this demand. How will infrastructure be scaled up to meet the incremental demand from the transport sector?