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Sustainability Finance

Estimates for carbon mitigation projects worldwide are up to $200 billion annually by 2020. India will also have to invest billions of dollars in energy, water and environmental services. What are the barriers to raising capital? What alternative models and innovative financing mechanisms can be developed? What role can Indian financial institutions play in this effort?

Ongoing Projects

  • Climate Change and Business Leadership in India

CEEW is partnering with the Environmental Defense Fund to build a coalition of companies that seek to innovate in ways that not only make smart business sense but also have a positive environmental impact.

Completed Projects

  • Results-based Financing for Energy Access

CEEW published a  paper which presents two case with the design of a results-based financing (RBF) mechanism: (1) for increasing deployment of solar hot water systems, and (2) for promoting innovations in business models for energy access. This paper will be part of a longer report prepared for the World Bank-managed Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme, to be published soon. The fundamental idea of RBF approaches is that payments that would otherwise be made automatically are made contingent on delivery of (a) pre-agreed result(s), with achievement of the results being subject to independent verification. There is increasing global interest in how these instruments could be used in the energy sector.

  • Quantity-Performance Instruments for Public Climate Funds 

A paper on 'Mobilizing the Private Sector: Quantity-Performance Instruments for Public Climate Funds' was published in which Arunabha Ghosh (CEEW), Benito Müller (Oxford University), William Pizer (Duke University), and Gernot Wagner (Columbia University) look at activities that are associated with quantitative performance indicators, i.e. performance assessed in terms of measured quantities such as tonnes (of carbon), kWh, or hectares as carried out by the private sector. The aim is to review options for the use of such Quantity-Performance (QP) instruments (such as direct purchase, top-up instruments, and tradable put options) as a way of channelling public funds to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in a cost-effective way. 

  • Global Governance of Clean Energy Subsidies

CEEW is carried out research on the global governance of clean energy subsidies. An article by CEEW on the need for legal and policy clarity on governance of clean energy by governments across the planet was published in the latest issue of a magazine by International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, a leading Geneva-based think-tank. This article analyses the imperatives that are driving a growing international debate on the issue of clean energy subsidies despite the presence of a strong case for transition to a low carbon economy worlwide.This work with the industry also forms a part of our research being carried in the field of business and technology. Click Here for the article. Recently, CEEW organised a session on clean energy and trade in collaboration with Geneva-based think-tank, the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) on the occasion of the fourth Clean Energy Ministerial being held in New Delhi.

  • Climate Finance & India

CEEW published a major report on the governance of climate finance and continues to carry research at the national and international levels to strengthen the policy environment.


CEEW Blog-Connecting dots
Transition to Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants in India: The Foam Sector Shows the Way  By Ankita Sah, Lekha Sridhar, and Vaibhav Chaturvedi With the upcoming global negotiations to the Montreal Protocol, it is likely that an amendment...
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CEEW’s Fact of the day...
In India, around 74 million rural households lack access to modern lighting services and a larger proportion of the population (around 840 million) continue to be dependent on traditional biomass energy sources
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