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NEA-CEEW HIIRA Research Programme: Study visit to Sweden
8 Feb 2018

The Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) signed an agreement with the Government of Norway on 29 November 2017 on research to phase-down HFCs in India through incentives and regulatory approaches (HIIRA). The study is funded by the Norwegian government and is taking place in cooperation with the Norwegian Environment Agency.

The proposed research (HIIRA), being undertaken in collaboration with Norwegian Environment Agency (NEA), intends to inform policy makers through understanding the role of regulatory approaches and incentives in phasing down the production and consumption of HFCs for sectors where these chemicals are already in use, and avoid phasing in HFCs for sectors which are expected to move toward these chemicals in the near future in India. CEEW intends to contribute to policy making through research, interviews with key stakeholders, as well as wider stakeholder dialogues with policy makers and academic experts.

An Indian team from the Council on Energy Environment and Water (CEEW), New Delhi along with two experts, Mr Kapil Singhal (BP Refcool) and Mr Satish Kumar (Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy) visited Norway and Sweden for a study tour to better understand the regulations and incentives for phasing down hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). The Indian delegation visited Stockholm, Sweden to gain a better understanding of the European Union regulations on F-gases and their implementation. This part of the study trip was in collaboration with the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.

The team at the Swedish EPA introduced F-gas regulations in Sweden, with a brief introduction to the F-gas market, consumption and manufacturing statistics. Following this, there was also a discussion about the analysis that led to the EU F-Gas regulations and the methodologies employed by the agencies to assess the various policy options. The group also discussed the relative merits and demerits of the Norwegian tax-and-refund scheme and the reasons a similar scheme was not implemented in Sweden.

The team also visited a waste-to-energy plant in Västerås, Sweden. The plant, run by the energy company, Mälerenergi, had a waste sorting facility, electricity generation plant, district heating and cooling plants located on the site. The district cooling facility uses free cooling from the lake as well as absorption chillers. The group learned about the fuel mix at the facility, types of technologies used, the problems faced in scaling up and the future outlook for the facility. District cooling may have great potential in India since the country has a huge cooling requirement. With only 6% of Indians having access to air-conditioners and with several commercial buildings being built currently, district cooling could reduce the need for HFCs and reduce the electricity demand for cooling.

Finally, the delegation ended the tour with a meeting with the Swedish Ambassador for Climate Change, H.E. Lars Ronnås in Stockholm. The Ambassador discussed Sweden's priorities for climate mitigation, its relationship with India and took stock of all the HFC-related projects and research happening in India.

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