Nature journal has published a special issue this week on 'Science in India'. The issue includes a comment essay 'Rethink India's energy strategy' by CEEW researchers Arunabha Ghosh and Karthik Ganesan.
Rethink India's energy strategy
India's policy-makers have three big energy goals: providing everyone with access to energy, securing energy supply and trying to limit carbon emissions without encumbering the nation's growth. These important concerns miss the point.
Energy access cannot be assured by progress towards a simple target such as supplying power 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, nationwide. India has deep divides in the quantity and quality of energy consumed across income groups and between rural and urban households. Fuel subsidies are poorly designed and the strategies to reduce them to enhance energy security are heavy-handed. And because of limited action by the world's largest emitters, there is little left in the global carbon budget before planetary safety limits are breached. Clean energy and alternative growth is imperative.
India's energy priorities should be reframed as follows: to cater to the different energy demands of citizens of various economic strata; to direct energy subsidies to benefit the poor; and to promote low-carbon industry.
To read the complete essay, click here: http://www.nature.com/news/policy-rethink-india-s-energy-strategy-1.17508